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Processes involved in Recycling materials

There are mainly four types of process involved in recycling materials. So let us check it out each process take place during recycling of any materials or products

The first step is to collect recyclable materials such as paper, glass, aluminium, cans, plastic from communities. The recyclable materials are placed into separate bins and the bins also have the recyclable symbol on it. 

Now the second step involved in this process is processing the recyclable materials. The materials which are collected are sorted into different groups, they are cleaned and sold to various manufacturers who will utilized this type of materials to manufactured new produts.

The third step is manufacturing of various products using the recyclable materials. The last step is purchasing of the products which are prepared from recycled materials. They are used by consumers. Some useful details on Advantages and disadvantages of recycling

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Examples of Recycling materials

Some Examples of recycling materials are as follows. So let us check it out some points of recycling to know more about recycling materials.

Material which can be recycled are : Plastic drink bottels, chipboard, newspaper, corrugated cardboard, glass bottels, beverage cans, magazine, plastic, aluminium, paper, glass, trash etc., Find out more on advantages and disadvantages of Recycling.

Example 1: We can reuse plastic bags when we go to supermarket to buy household products.

Benefits of Recycling

Recycling is a process of waste management in which waste materials of plastic, paper, metal, aluminium, glass etc., are collected and are used to make new products. Recycling helps to protect the environment and saves energy and resources. 

How Recycling Saves Energy?

When we manufacture new products from virgin materials, more energy is consumed. Other natural resources such as fossil fuels (Oil , Petroleum, Natural gas, Coal) are also used during manufacturing of products. But when we make products out of recycled materials we can reduce the use of energy sources. The steps in the process of manufacturing of recycled product is reduced which helps to save energy.

Plastic Recycling

Plastic Recycling: It is very important to recycle plastic to save consumption of energy and natural resources. Different types of plastic products or plastic materials such as plastic bags, plastic bottles are used daily which affects environment. There are various beneftis of recycling plastic along with some drawbacks of recycled plastic.

What are environmental benefits of Recycling ?

There are several environmental benefits of recycling. Let us check it out some of the points of recycling to know more about recycling.

The process of recycling helps to reduces noxious waste in landfills. Recycling also helps to promote environments sustainability. By this entire process it is possible to diminish the demands of raw materials. Ecological degradation can also be prevented by the process of recycling, 

Metals Recycling

Recycling of metals such as copper, aluminium etc., is required to protect earth and environment. It also saves energy and natural resources. Along with benefits there are some drawbacks of recycling metals. 

Process Validation stages continued process verification

Third stages in Process Validation is Continued Process Verification, Some points in process validation during continued process verification are as follows, So let us see one by one all the points:

The main goal of continued process verification in process validation is to ensure that the process remains in a state of control during manufacturing of commercial products.

The data is collected and evaluated in order to determine process variability.

Process Validation Stages process qualification protocol

During Process Validation the protocol of process qualification is also prepared, following are some of the points which are included into protocol of process qualification, so let us check it out some points:

The manufacturing condition including processing limits, the operating parameters as well as the components used such as raw materials are included in protocol.

The sampling plan with complete details of the number of sampling points, frequency of sampling of each unit are to be mentioned in protocol.

Process Validation

Process validation: It can be defined as the documented evidence which provides a high degree of assurance that the process which is going to be performed will consistently produce a product , meeting its pre determined specifications and all the quality attributes.

Process Validation is classified into four types which are as follows:

Prospective Validation

Retrospective Validation

Concurrent Validation

Revalidation

Process Validation is divided into three stages which are  as follows:

Process Design - Stage I

Process Validation stages continued process verification one

About Process Validation, the third stage is continued process verification, Some more information about process validation in continued process verification are as follows:

The variation in the continued process verification can be detected by assessment of various documents.

By complaints of any defects.

By checking out of specification records or process parameters.

Checking deviation reports.

By observing variation in the process yield.

By checking batch records.

Checking records of incoming materials.

Process Validation Types Retrospective validation

Retrospective validation is the second type of process validation, some of the points regarding the retrospective validation are given below , so let us check it out one by one:

Retrospective validation is the documented evidence in which the process validation is carried out based on the historical data.

Validation of facilities, process, or processes are carried out based on the available historical data or reports.

This type of approach is rarely used today.

Process Validation Stages process qualification one

In Process Validation the second stage that is process qualification , the design of the facilities and the qualification of the equipment and the qualification of the utilities are very important. Some of the points regarding design and qualification are as follows:

During the qualification of th utilities and the equipment, the construction materials, the operating principle and the performance characteristics are very important.

Process Validation Stages process qualification

During Process validation: The second stage is process qualification Some of the points which are discussed during process qualification are as follows , so let us check it out points one by one.:

The main aim of process qualification is to determine whether the process which is designed is capable of reproducible commercial manufacture or not.

Design of the utility and the qualification of the equipment are taken into account during process qualification.

Process performance qualification in this stage.

Process Validation Stages process design two

In Process validation the first stage that is Process design stage have some points which are taken into account. Some of them which are taken into consideration are as follows:

Process control should address variability such as:

During the process design the control to reduce the input variation and the control to adjust for input variation are taken into account during manufacturing.

Controls may also consist of about the equipment monitoring at significant processing point and also control on material analysis.