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Kinds of Debentures

Check out Kinds of Debentures discussed below. So let us find out some information on kinds to know more about debentures. Related post on advantages & disadvantages of debentures

Debenture Kinds :

Debentures Based of Redeemability - Redeemable and Irredeemable

Debentures Based on Security - Secured debenture and Unsecured debenture

Debentures Based on Transferability - Bearer and Registered

Debentures Based on Convertibility - Covertible debenture and Non Convertible debenture

Debenture Based on Coupon Rate - Zero coupon rate and Specific rate

Debenture Based on Priority - First Debentures and Second Debentures

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Features of Debentures

Check out Features of Debentures discussed below. So let us find out some information on features to know more about debentures.

Debenture Features :

The rates which is to be paid or payable on debentures is fixed.

Debenture may be convertible

No voting rights on debenture, holder does not have right to vote in a meeting.

Instrument of loan

Debentures can be redeemed after a fixed period of time.

Debenture holders can be considered as creditors of the company carrying a fixed rate of interest.

Advantages and disadvantages of Debentures

Check out Advantages and Disadvantages of Debentures discussed below. So let us find out some information  to know more about it. The debentures which are generally issued by the corporations, are promises to pay specific amount of principal or money at a specified time or date over the particular course of the loan tenure, during which time interest is paid at a fixed rate on decided dates.

Advantages of Debentures :

Debentures is used to provide long terms funds to the company when needed.

Advantages and disadvantages of web based multimedia

Some of the advantages and disadvantages of web based multimedia are given below. So let us find out information of web based multimedia and its advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages :

  1. Web based multimedia can address a variety of learing styles : Auditory learners, visual learners, kinesthetic learners
  2. Material are more enjoyable and interesting in web based multimedia
  3. Using web based multimedia many ideas are easier to convey.

Disadvantages :

What is Market economy ? Advantages and Disadvantages of Market Economy

Check out Advantages and disadvantages of market economy (capitalism) given below. So let us find out some points on advantages and disadvantages to know more about market economy. This type of economy is nearly free fro governement interference, Economy is based on private ownership where individual control the production, distribution and sales of goods and services.

Process Validation - Types

Process Validation points - Some types of process validation are as follows. So let us see types of the process validation one by one to know more about process validation.

Prospective process validation

Retrospective process validation

Concurrent process validation

Revalidation

Prospective process validation: "Documented evidence - Validation carried out based on the pre-planned protocol"

Retrospective process validation: "Documented evidence - Validation carried out based on the analysis and review of the historical data"

Disadvantages & Advantages of an GC

Disadvantages & Advantages of an GC.

Gas chromatography (GC) is an analytical method which is used for the separation of an volatile substance from a give mixture of compounds which are very difficult to separate and analyse.

This type of chromatography separates the molecules based on the volatility of a substance.

The substance with more volatility will separate out quickly while the substance with less volatility will elute out slowly.

Advantages 

Process Validation Types Retrospective validation

Retrospective validation is the second type of process validation, some of the points regarding the retrospective validation are given below , so let us check it out one by one:

Retrospective validation is the documented evidence in which the process validation is carried out based on the historical data.

Validation of facilities, process, or processes are carried out based on the available historical data or reports.

This type of approach is rarely used today.