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Different Types of Ants

There are Different Types of Ants present on the Earth, So let us check out some of the  information on various kinds of Ants to know more about it. An Ant is one type of insect, Ants are small animals (Insects) and they are likely to be found in an anthill. Ants are usually social insects and usually lives in a complex social colony with one or more breeding queens, ants are very strong.

Ants are the members of formicidae family with dark brown to black in color. They belongs to Anthraphoda phylum. Order Hymenoptera and sub order Apocrita. Ants don't have gills.The are smaller than birds. Ants are likely to to be found in pantry crawling near sugar. Sometimes they are also found on the beach.  Ant is a hymenopterous insect, they are also known by the name emmet and pismire. Other types of ants are: Slave make ant, carpenter ant, wood ant, bulldog ant, fire ant, army ant, slave ant, mountant, pharaoh ant,white ant, bull ant, thief ant, nuisance ants, mound-building ants etc.,

To know more about ants colonies they may be studied by maitaining them in formicaria, where the travelling between two formicaria through connecting tubing is studied.

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Effectiveness of Inorganic Coal

Mineral coal is used in producing steam power to drive railway trains, Steam-ships and Steamers.

Steam-power is produced from water boiled by mineral coal. Electricity is easily manufactured from coal by planting thermal stations near coal mines.

Synthetic petrol is manufactured from mineral; coal through a kind of chemical process.

Types of Coal

Coal is a multifaceted resource which differs in composition even inside the same deposit. There are four different types or ranking based on various levels of coal with differences in energy output as a result of increased temperature,pressure & time

Lignite is a brownish-black coal with great moisture and ash content and the lowest heating value of the four types of coal. It is used for generating electricity.

What are the Types of Friction ?

What are the Types of Frictions ? Let us check it out some of the types of friction to learn more about friction. This type of frictional force is responsible for wear and tear of two bodies, Following are some of the types:

Types of Friction are:

  1. Static Friction
  2. Kinetic Friction
  3. Rolling Friction
  4. Fluid Friction

Static Force comes into action when a body is forced to move along a surface but the movement of the body does not starts. Example Pushing on a wall

Process Validation Types Prospective validation

Types of Process validation:Out of four types prospective validation is one of them. Some points regarding prospective validation are as follows , so let us check it out one by one:

In prospective validation process the validation is carried out based on the pre planned protocols.

Prospective validation is carried out at new process at new manufacturing facility.

Before pharmaceutical production at commercial level, prospective validation is carried out.

During prospective validation the input resources are clearly defined and specified.

Types of chromatography

There are various different types of chromatography which are used today in different industries and in day to day life.

Before going into detail let us check it out the definition of the chromatography.

The chromatogaphy is the separation of a component from of complex mixture of substance.

Types of component, functional group or structure can be identified with the help of chromatography.

List of some of the equipment are as follows:

Gas chromatography

Liquid chromatography

Solid chromatography

Liquid-liquid chromatography

Process Validation - Types

Process Validation points - Some types of process validation are as follows. So let us see types of the process validation one by one to know more about process validation.

Prospective process validation

Retrospective process validation

Concurrent process validation


Prospective process validation: "Documented evidence - Validation carried out based on the pre-planned protocol"

Retrospective process validation: "Documented evidence - Validation carried out based on the analysis and review of the historical data"

Black Hat SEO

Short Definition of term Black Hat SEO is defined as follows. Let us check brief explanation and meaning of the given term which is given below.

In SEO - (Search Engine Optimization) some webmaster violates webmaster guidelines in orde to rank top in search results , such methods are known as black hat SEO. Duplicate content, Cloaking, keyword stuffing , SEO spamming are some of its types.

Process Validation Types Revalidation

Fourth type of process validation is Revalidation. It is performed to check the performance of the various process parameters, some of the points regarding revalidation are as follows. So let us have a look on revalidation:

Any part of process or entire process parameters are validated in order to check the performance of the process parameters.

To maintain the validated status of equipment, facilities, or manufacturing process , revalidation if often carried out.